Therapeutic Plasma Exchange in Guillain Barre Syndrome: An experience of Bangabanhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Bangladesh

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  •   Sheikh Saiful Islam

  •   Jannatul Ferdous

  •   Ashraful Hoque

  •   Atiar Rahman

Abstract

Background: Therapeutic plasma exchange (TPE) has been used as one of the treatment modalities of neurological diseases. Intravenous Immunoglobulin (IVIG) and Therapeutic Plasma Exchange (TPE)are treatment options in Guillain Barre syndrome (GBS). In developing countries IVIG is not easily available and it is also expensive, TPE is preferred for treatment of GBS as it is affordable. Study on TPE for GBS are scarce here. Most of the study regarding TPE in GBS has been conducted in high –income countries as it is expensive treatment modality. Reports on TPE in GBS is very scared from Bangladesh.


Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of TPE with a standard hemolysis equipment for the treatment of Guillain Barre syndrome (GBS) was conducted A 50 patients of GBS who received TPE conducted between January 2017 to December 2018 in the department of Transfusion Medicine, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh were analyzed. All patients had underdone at least 2 cycles of plasma exchange. Volume exchanged in each cycle was one plasma volume.


Results: Out of 50 cases there were 43 (86%) male and 7 (14%) female.  Age range of patients was from 11 – 50 years. Approximately 40% improved clinically of first cycle of PE & 85% after second cycle, 95% after third cycle and 95-100% after 5 cycle. 1(2%) patient died, and 49(98%) patients survived and recovered.


Conclusion: The treatment is cost affection in Compassion to IVIG. TPE is and affection, safe and affordable treatment modality for GBS.


Keywords: Guillain Barre Syndrome, immunoglobulin, plasma exchange

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How to Cite
Islam, S. S., Ferdous, J., Hoque, A., & Rahman, A. (2022). Therapeutic Plasma Exchange in Guillain Barre Syndrome: An experience of Bangabanhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Bangladesh. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 4(1), 11–13. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2022.4.1.937