Study of 24 Hours/2 day Monitoring of Blood Pressure in Subjects with Traumatic Paraplegia

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  •   Vandana Chaudhary

  •   Narsingh Verma

  •   Sunita Tiwari

  •   R. N. Srivastava

  •   Dileep Verma

Abstract

Cardiovascular dysfunction and cognitive decline are more common in traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI). Most people with a cervical or upper-thoracic SCI usually experience conditions called orthostatic hypotension and autonomic dysreflexia, which are described by the serious changes in systemic blood pressure. To evaluate baseline heart rate (HR), baseline blood pressure (BP) and ABPM monitoring in traumatic paraplegia patients. In this study, total 36 diagnosed of paraplegia patients was based on Asia Impairment Scale (AIS), paralysed by RTA, or fall from height within 7 days of injury were included in this study. The blood pressure was monitoring for 24 hour/2 day and repeated after 12th day of first monitoring. Ambulatory blood pressure was monitored by ABPM machine at HALF hourly from 6 am – 10 pm and one hourly from 10 pm – 6 am. All the continuous variables were compared by t- test. The night dipping (Systole) and morning surge (Systole) were significantly lower at 12th days as compared to within 7 Days (p=0.002). Whereas the diurnal Index (Diastole) and diurnal Index (MAP) were comparable in between within 7 days and 12th days. The mean SBP max and SBP min were significantly lower at 12th day as compared to within 7 days. Whereas DBP max and min were comparable in between within 7 days and at 12th days. The changes in min., max and mean double product (All, active periods, and passive periods) were also not found to be statistically significant in between within 7 days and at 12th day. The traumatic paraplegic patients have altered diurnal index, morning surge, night dipping and systolic blood pressure on APBM monitoring.


Keywords: Paraplegic, Heart rate, Blood pressure, Trauma, Spinal cord injury

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How to Cite
Chaudhary, V., Verma, N., Tiwari, S., Srivastava, R. N., & Verma, D. (2021). Study of 24 Hours/2 day Monitoring of Blood Pressure in Subjects with Traumatic Paraplegia. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 3(4), 53-58. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2021.3.4.837