Airborne negatively charged ions have long been used for cleaning spaces by removing dust particles and stunting bacterial, fungal, and viral growth. Likewise, the ongoing pandemic has made the use of face masks inevitable. A novel concept has been established by integrating the benefits of negatively charged air ions with the advantages of conventional facemasks to tackle the current situation and offer additional advantages as well. The newly devised concept can be used by any individual who can wear a mask but will be especially useful for healthcare workers, infected individuals and those concerned about the possibility of inhaling harmful airborne particles. This new facemask concept may be crucial in reducing the risk of airborne diseases and is a far better choice in adequate protection as opposed to the standard single or multi layered cloth mask. This new mask concept is simple, cost effective, and appears to perform extraordinarily well. It requires no outside power source and is even washable and reusable. It is also remarkably comfortable and can be designed so that one size fits most adults.
S. Y. Wong and B. H. Tan, “Megatrends in infectious diseases: the next 10 to 15 years,” Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore, vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 188–194, 2019.
Fernstrom, A. and M. Goldblatt, Aerobiology and its role in the transmission of infectious diseases. Journal of pathogens, 2013.
Gammon, J. and J. Hunt, A review of isolation practices and procedures in healthcare settings. British Journal of Nursing, vol. 27, no. 3, pp. 137–140, 2018.
Seto, W., Airborne transmission and precautions: facts and myths. Journal of Hospital Infection, vol. 89, no. 4, pp. 225–228, 2015.
M. Xie and Q. Chen, “Insight into 2019 novel coronavirus -- an updated interim review and lessons from SARS-CoV and MERS-CoV,” International Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 94, pp. 119–124, 2020.
W.-j. Guan, Z.-y. Ni, Y. Hu et al., “Clinical characteristics of coronavirus disease 2019 in China,” New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 382, no. 18, pp. 1708–1720, 2020.
S. G. Benzell, A. Collis, and C. Nicolaides, "Rationing social contact during the COVID-19 pandemic: transmission risk and social benefits of U.S. locations," Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol. 117, no. 26, pp. 14642–14644, 2020.
D. K. Chu, E. A. Akl, S. Duda et al., "Physical distancing, face masks, and eye protection to prevent person-to-person transmission of SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19: a systematic review and meta-analysis," The Lancet, vol. 395, no. 10242, pp. 1973–1987, 2020.
J. W. Tang, T. J. Liebner, B. A. Craven, and G. S. Settles, “A schlieren optical study of the human cough with and without wearing masks for aerosol infection control,” Journal of the Royal Society Interface, vol. 6, Supplement 6, pp. S727–S736, 2009.  C. C. Leung, T. H. Lam, and K. K. Cheng, “Mass masking in the COVID-19 epidemic: people need guidance,” The Lancet, vol. 395, no. 10228, p. 945, 2020.
D. He, S. Zhao, Q. Lin et al., “The relative transmissibility of asymptomatic COVID-19 infections among close contacts,” International Journal of Infectious Diseases, vol. 94, pp. 145–147, 2020.
Z. Gao, Y. Xu, C. Sun et al., “A systematic review of asymptomatic infections with COVID-19,” Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, 2020.
M. van der Sande, P. Teunis, and R. Sabel, "Professional and homemade face masks reduce exposure to respiratory infections among the general population," PLoS One, vol. 3, no. 7, article e2618, 2008.
S. D. Rubbo and L. R. Abbott, “Filtration efficiency of surgical masks: a new method of evaluation,” Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery, vol. 38, no. 1, pp. 80–83, 1968.
N. H. L. Leung, D. K. W. Chu, E. Y. C. Shiu et al., “Respiratory virus shedding in exhaled breath and efficacy of face masks,” Nature Medicine, vol. 26, no. 5, pp. 676–680, 2020.
S. E. Eikenberry, M. Mancuso, E. Iboi et al., “To mask or not to mask: modeling the potential for face mask use by the general public to curtail the COVID-19 pandemic,” Infectious Disease Modelling, vol. 5, pp. 293–308, 2020.
Krueger, A.P. and E.J. Reed, Biological impact of small air ions. Science, vol. 4259, no. 193, pp. 1209-1213, 1976.
Frederick, Edward R. "Some effects of electrostatic charges in fabric filtration." Journal of the Air Pollution Control Association vol. 24, no. 12, pp. 1164-1168, 1974.
J. Bailar, D.S. Burke, L. Brosseau, H. Cohen, E. Gallagher, K. Gensheimber. Reusability of Facemasks during an Influenza Pandemic Institute of Medicine, National Academies Press, Washington [D.C.] (2006).
A. Konda, A. Prakash, G.A. Moss, M. Schmoldt, G.D. Grant, S. Guha. Aerosol filtration efficiency of common fabrics used in respiratory cloth masks.ACS Nano (2020).
P. P. Tsai, H. Schreuder-Gibson, and P. Gibson, “Different electrostatic methods for making electret filters,” Journal of Electrostatics, vol. 54, no. 3-4, pp. 333–341, 2002.
G. Liu, J. Nie, C. Han et al., “Self-powered electrostatic adsorption face mask based on a triboelectric nanogenerator,” ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 7126–7133, 2018.
Kim, Y.S., et al., Application of air ions for bacterial de-colonization in air filters contaminated by aerosolized bacteria. Science of the total environment. vol. 409, no. 4, pp. 748-755, 2011.
Lee, S.-G., et al., One-pass antibacterial efficacy of bipolar air ions against aerosolized Staphylococcus epidermidis in a duct flow. Journal of Aerosol Science. vol. 69, pp. 71-81, 2014.
Fletcher, L.A., et al., Bactericidal action of positive and negative ions in air. BMC microbiology. vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 32, 2007.
Kawamoto, S., et al., Decrease in the allergenicity of Japanese cedar pollen allergen by treatment with positive and negative cluster ions. International archives of allergy and immunology, 2006. 141(4): p. 313-321.
Palti, Y., E. De Nour, and A. Abrahamov, The effect of atmospheric ions on the respiratory system of infants. Pediatrics, 1966. 38(3): p. 405-411.
Jiajie, L., et al. Study on air anion concentration distribution in Beidaihe, China. in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering. 2019. IOP Publishing.
Giannini, A., B. Jones, and R. Loiselle, Reversibility of serotonin irritation syndrome with atmospheric anions. The Journal of clinical psychiatry, 1986. 47(3): p. 141.
Goldstein, N., Reactive oxygen species as essential components of ambient air. Biochemistry (Moscow), 2002. 67(2): p. 161-170.
English, J., The positive health benefits of negative ions. Nutri Rev, 2013. 28. MacIntyre, C.R., et al., A cluster randomised trial of cloth masks compared with medical masks in healthcare workers. BMJ open, 2015. 5(4): p. e006577.
Ignelzi, R., Health Focus: Ways to Control Allergies. Network Journal, 1996: p. 15.
Gefter, P. Biological aspects of clean-room ionization. in 2002 Electrical Overstress/Electrostatic Discharge Symposium. 2002. IEEE.