Effects of Baby Massage in Reducing Body Temperature after Combined Diptheri Pertussis Tetanus/Hepatitis B Immunization

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  •   Linda Meliati

  •   Ni Putu Karunia Ekayani

  •   . Suwanti

Abstract

Background: Side effects that may often occur after immunization include fever in infants after to combined Diptheri Pertusis Tetanus/Hepatitis B (DPT/HB) vaccine. Fever in infants or toddlers is a case that cannot be ignored because it can interfere with the comfort and development of infants and toddlers.


Objectives: This research aims to analyze the effects of baby massage in lowering body temperature among babies given combined DPT/HB immunization.


Material and Methods: It is a quasi-experiment using one intervention group. The population and sample are babies aged 2-5 months visiting the Work Area of Puskesmas Lombok Barat in Indonesia that meet inclusion criteria. Baby massage was administered in the morning and in the afternoon for 5 days, with the first 2 days prior to combined DPT/HB immunization 1, the second 1 day at the time of immunization, and the last 2 days after immunization. The same treatment was also carried out for combined DPT/HB immunization 2. Prior and after massage, baby temperatures were measured at the axila using a digital thermometer, with the results put in an observation sheet (graph). Body temperature measurement was observed for 2 months. Data gathered were then tested using non-parametric test (Wilcoxon).


Results: there is reduction in body temperature among babies given combined DPT/HB immunization 1 and combined DPT/HB immunization 2. Babies given combined DPT/HB immunization 1 had average body temperature of 0,2±0.18 °C in the morning and 0,21±0.25 °C in the afternoon. Meanwhile, babies given combined DPT/HB immunization 2 had average body temperature of 0,26±0.19 °C in the morning and 0,2±0.23 °C in the afternoon. Effect of massage in reducing body temperature among babies given combined DPT/HB immunization 1 is at (p<0.005) and at (p<0.005) for combined DPT/HB immunization 2.


Conclusion: massage can be performed before or after babies are immunized with combined DPT/HB to lower their body temperature.


Keywords: baby massage; diphtheria pertussis tetanus; hepatitis B; immunization

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How to Cite
Meliati, L., Ekayani, N. P. K., & Suwanti, . (2021). Effects of Baby Massage in Reducing Body Temperature after Combined Diptheri Pertussis Tetanus/Hepatitis B Immunization. European Journal of Medical and Health Science, 3(2), 98-102. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2021.3.2.753