Study on Socio-Demographic Profile of Peptic Ulcer Disease in A Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Sadia Saber

  •   Mohammed Tarek Alam

  •   Mohammad Monower Hossain

  •   Rafa Faaria Alam

Abstract

Background: The prevalence and socio-demographic factors of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) have changed remarkably now a day. Currently, peptic ulcer disease has considered as a multifactorial health problem.


Objective: To determine the socio-demographic factors of Peptic ulcer disease among patients attending Bangladesh Medical College, Dhanmondi, Dhaka, Bangladesh.


Methods: This is a hospital-record based cross sectional descriptive study executed in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Dhanmondi, Dhaka. The study group comprises 200 PUD patients enrolled in our Bangladesh Medical College Hospital from July 2019 to December 2020. Analysis of data was done by using SPSS 15 software. Prevalence of PUD patients among study population was calculated by using percentage and the strength of association of socio- demographic factors were evaluated in our study.


Results: Total prevalence of PUD among the studied group was 83.5%; gastric ulcer 54.5% and duodenal ulcer 29%. Majority 56% were female patients in the age group of 41-50 years. Most prevalent endoscopic finding was erosive antral gastritis (48.50%). PUD was diagnosed predominantly among unemployed population (48.50%) in the urban locality (62%). The cardinal features were pain precipitated by certain food (55.69%) and loss of appetite (52. 09%).Regarding risk factors spicy food (55.69%) has secured the first position in our study followed by smoking (34.13%) and stress (18.56%).


Conclusion: Multifactorial variables were considered as risk factors for PUD. Population based endoscopic studies can detect PUD at its earliest possible stage and create awareness among population to prevent its further progression.


Keywords: Peptic ulcer disease, Socio-demographic profile

References

Snowden FM. Emerging and reemerging diseases: a historical perspective. Immunol Rev. 2008; 225(1): 9-26.

Warren JR, Marshall B (1983). Unidentified curved bacilli on gastric epithelium in active chronic gastritis. Lancet, 1,1273 – 5.

Najm, WI. Peptic ulcer disease. Primary care. 2011; 38 (3): 383–94.

Steinberg KP. Stress-related mucosal disease in the critically ill patient: risk factors and strategies to prevent stress-related bleeding in the intensive care unit. Critical Care Medicine. 2002; 30(6 Supp l): S362–4.

Definition and Facts for Peptic Ulcer Disease. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. 2015.

Milosavljevic T, Kostić-Milosavljević M, Jovanović I, Krstić M. Complications of peptic ulcer disease. Digestive diseases. 2011; 29(5): 491–3.

Groenen MJ, Kuipers EJ, Hansen BE, Th Ouwendijk RJ. Incidence of duodenal ulcers and gastric ulcers in a Western population: Back to where it started. Can J Gastroenterol. 2009; 23(9): 604–8.

Barazandeh F, Yazdanbod A, Pourfarzi F, Sepanlou SG, Derakhshan MH, Malekzadeh R. Epidemiology of Peptic Ulcer Disease: Endoscopic Results of a Systematic Investigation in Iran. Middle East J Dig Dis. 2012; 4(2): 90–6.

Ro P1, Storskrubb T, Ronkainen J, Bolling-Sternevald E, Engstrand L, Vieth M, et al. Peptic ulcer disease in a general adult population: the Kalixanda study: a random population-based study. Am J Epidemiol. 2006; 163: 1025–34.

Ondashi KJ, Odimba BFK, Kelly P. A Cross-sectional Study on Factors Associated with Perforated Peptic Ulcer Disease in Adults Presenting to UTH, Lusaka. Medical Journal of Zambia. 2011; 38(2).

Rodrigues M, Queiroz D, Rodrigues R, Rocha A, Braga Neto M, et al. (2005) Helicobacter pylori infection in adults from a poor urban community in northeastern Brazil: demographic, lifestyle and environmental factors. Braz J Infect Dis 9: 405-410.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Saber, S., Alam, M. T., Hossain, M. M., & Alam, R. F. (2021). Study on Socio-Demographic Profile of Peptic Ulcer Disease in A Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh. European Journal of Medical and Health Science, 3(2), 12-15. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2021.3.2.729

Most read articles by the same author(s)