Effect of Chest Physiotherapy along with Early Mobility after Abdominal Surgery

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  •   Md. Feroz Kabir

  •   Sharmila Jahan

  •   Md. Zahid Hossain

  •   Sonjit Kumar Chakrovorty

  •   Altaf Hossain Sarker

  •   Mohammad Anwar Hossain

  •   K. M. Amran Hossain

  •   S. M. Mostafa Kamal

  •   Sonia Akter

Abstract

The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of chest physiotherapy along with early mobility after abdominal surgery. The study was investigating the effect of chest physiotherapy along with early mobility and only chest physiotherapy after major abdominal surgeries on respiratory function, length of hospital stays, pain intensity, oxygen saturation level and status of functional independency (FIM).


Methodology: This was a quasi-experimental study where sixty patients with Lower abdominal surgery conveniently selected from the post-operative unit of the tertiary level specialized hospitals in Dhaka and simple random sampling was used for differentiating the groups. Thirty patients in chest physiotherapy group (control) and thirty in chest physiotherapy along with early mobility group (Experimental). It was measured the respiratory function, length of hospital stays, pain intensity, oxygen saturation level and status of functional independence.


Results: Regarding this study the mean age of the experimental group were 46.7 (±18.12) years and mean age of control group were 43.4 (±15.66) years. Mean length of hospital stay was 7.90 (± 2.078) days in experimental group and 11.50 (±3.75) in control group, and the p value was 0.0016 in experimental group and 0.019 in control group so it was proved that the chest physiotherapy along with early mobilization significantly reduce the duration of hospital stay and chest physiotherapy was also effective. However it was showed that post-operative day-05 experimental group treatment was significantly effective where the p value was ≤0.05 (p=0.0378). So it was absolute showed that the treatment of experimental group was much effective. Study was showed that the effect on improving functional independency level was significantly effective of experimental group of FIM score in all parameters and also in control group also but in comparison it was showed that the experimental group was more effective than control group.


Conclusion: It was identified the significant effectiveness of chest physiotherapy (CPT) along with early mobility rather than only chest physiotherapy after abdominal surgeries. But both groups of participants were showed significant effectiveness. Participants in the CPT along with early mobility exercise after abdominal surgeries showed that it significantly reduces the duration of hospital stay and as well as increase the peripheral oxygen saturation level and also improved functional independence rather than the control group who got only chest physiotherapy.


Keywords: Chest physiotherapy, Early mobilization, abdominal surgery

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How to Cite
Kabir, M. F., Jahan, S., Hossain, M. Z., Chakrovorty, S. K., Sarker, A. H., Hossain, M. A., Hossain, K. M. A., Kamal, S. M. M., & Akter, S. (2021). Effect of Chest Physiotherapy along with Early Mobility after Abdominal Surgery. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 3(1), 150-156. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2021.3.1.687