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Introduction: Among all the bacterial infections encounter in primary care, urinary tract infection (UTI) has considered as one of the most frequent bacterial infection. UTI can be defined as the presence of an infection in any part of our urinary system-kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder and urethra. Majority of the infections involve the lower urinary tract – the urinary bladder and the urethra. Women of reproductive age group (15-44 years) are the most vulnerable of developing UTI than men. The objective of this study is to determine the prevalence rate of UTI among females of reproductive age group and to ascertain the association between socio demographic factors among study population.

Material and Methods: This is a cross sectional observational study executed in a tertiary care teaching hospital, Dhanmondi, Dhaka. 250 women of reproductive age group were encountered as the study group here. Data collection was done by using a structured interview schedule followed by collection of urine sample for microscopic examination and culture. Analysis of data was done by using SPSS 15 software. Prevalence of UTI among study population was calculated by using percentage and the strength of association between socio demographic factors were evaluated in our study.

Results: Prevalence of UTI among study population was found to be 41.20%. A strong association of statistical significance was observed among marital status (p values <0.05), the level of education of the study population (p value <0.05) and the urine culture reports among UTI patients (p value 0.001)

Conclusion: Now a days UTI can be considered as one the most serious public health problem if it is remaining untreated. To prevent the possibilities of evolving further complexity of UTI early detection and prompt treatment is very much crucial. We should promote more educational programming about UTI prevention not only to reduce the sufferings of the patients and their hospital stay but also to compensate for the economical loss.

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