The Association of Clinical Characteristics and Lifestyle Habits with Poor Glycemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

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  •   Marijan Marjanović

  •   Vedran Đido

  •   Valerija Bralić Lang

  •   Željko Martinović

  •   Amer Ovčina

Abstract

Background: The goal of this paper is to explore clinical characteristics and lifestyle habits in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and their association with poor glycemic control.


Material and Methods: Total of 541 subjects of over 40 years of age with type 2 diabetes mellitus of both genders were included in the study. Anthropometric measurement, glucose level in plasma, HbA1c, triglycerides, AST, ALT, creatinine and eGFR were collected at the time of study entry and patients were asked to fill out the questionnaire on lifestyle habits.


Results: Patients with elevated triglyceride and LDL cholesterol levels, alcohol consumers and smokers were more likely to have poorly controlled glycaemia.


Conclusions: Our study showed a significant impact of patient characteristics to poor glycemic control. Physician activities to reduce cholesterol, triglyceride levels and improve lifestyle habits in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus will result in better glycemic control.


Keywords: General physicians, Clinical characteristics, Lifestyle habits, Primary Health Care, Diabetes mellitus type 2.

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How to Cite
Marjanović, M., Đido, V., Bralić Lang, V., Martinović, Željko, & Ovčina, A. (2021). The Association of Clinical Characteristics and Lifestyle Habits with Poor Glycemic Control in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 3(1), 79-84. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2021.3.1.676