SARS-CoV-2 is the cause of the recent outbreak of COVID-19. This outbreak has resulted in many infected individuals worldwide. The unavailability of a specific antiviral treatment caused many individuals to lose their lives due to COVID-19. The rising number of deaths and rapidly spreading infection demand the development of an effective vaccine against the virus. Many researchers and companies across the globe have started attempts to create effective vaccine that can provide quick and long-lasting protection against SARS-CoV-2. These vaccines employ different forms of constituents that ultimately stimulate the immune response to produce neutralizing antibodies in an individual. Among these vaccines are AZD1222, BNT162b2, and mRNA-1273.
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