Background: Cervical cancer is one of the commonest cancers in women. It is the commonest cause of cancer related death in Africa. It is one of the cancers that have well known screening methods. In developed societies with standard protocol for screening, the morbidity and mortality following the disease have been greatly reduced. There is paucity of knowledge of cervical cancer and its screening methods in Yenagoa.
Objectives: To determine the knowledge of cervical cancer and its screening methods in female students of a Tertiary educational institution.
Methods: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study that was conducted amongst the female students of Federal University Otuoke. Information about their socio-demographic characteristics, knowledge of cervical cancer and the screening methods was obtained using a questionnaire.
Results: A total of four hundred and twenty four (424) female students of the Federal University Otuoke were enrolled for the study. The mean age of the respondents was 21.0±3.4 years. The predominant age group was 15-20 years (50.6%). One hundred and eighty three respondents (57.9%) were aware of cervical cancer and the age groups 21-25 years were most aware of cervical cancer. Age was found to influence awareness of cervical cancer. (x2=12.8; df=3; p<0.05). A total of eighty one respondents 26.9% were aware of Pap smear. Age was found to influence the awareness of Pap smear (x2=12.8; df=3; p<0.05).
Conclusion: Our study showed that awareness of cervical cancer and the role of Pap smear in the screening of cervical cancer was low amongst the female students of the Federal University Otuoke. Hence the need to make every effort to increase the awareness of this condition and the screening methods amongst these female undergraduates, who are at the prime of their age and at the greatest risk of developing this condition, especially in our societies that lack well organized screening protocols.
World Health Organization (WHO) fact sheets 380: Human papillomavirus (HPV) and cervical cancer. Geneva: World Health Organization.
Ali F, Kuelker R, Wassie B. Understanding cervical cancer in the context of developing countries. Ann Trop Med Pub Health 2012; (1)5: 3-15.
Ferlay J, Shin HR, Bray F, Forman D, Mathers C, Parkin DM. Estimates of worldwide burden of cervical cancer in 2008. Int J Cancer 2010; 127:2893-917.
Nnadi DC, Nwobodo EI, Ekele BA, Sahabi SM. Screening for cervical cancer: A review of outcome among infertile women in a tertiary Hospital in North-West Nigeria. Ann Med Health Sci Res 2014; 4(3):383-387.
Abiodun OA, Fatungase OK, OLu-Abiodun OO, Idowu-Ajiboye BA, Awosile JO. An assessment of women’s awareness and knowledge about cervical cancer screening and the barriers to cervical cancer in Ogun State, Nigeria. J Dent Med Sci 2013; 10(3):52-58.
Holschneider CH. Premalignant and malignant disorders of the cervix. In: DeCherney AH, Nathan L, Laufer N, Roman AS. Editors in: Current Diagnosis and Treatment Obsteterics and Gynaecology. 11th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill; 2013:807-831.
Idowu A, Olowookere SA, Fagbemi AT, Ogunlaja A. Determinants of cervical cancer screening uptake among women in Ilorin, North Central Nigeria: A Community- based study. J Cancer Epid 2016;1-8
Kitchener HC, Gilham C, Sargent A, Bailey A, Albrow R. A comparision of HPV DNA testing and liquid based cytology over three rounds of primary cervical screening: Extended follow up in the ARTISTIC trial.2011;47(6):864-871.
Nwobodo H, Ba-Break M. Analysis of the determinants of low cervical cancer screening uptake among Nigeria women. J Pub Health Afri 2015; 6:484-492.
Geremew AB, Gelagay AA, Azale T. Uptake of precervical cancer screening and associated factors among women aged 30-49 years in Finote Selam town North-West Ethiopia. Int J Coll Inter Med Pub Health 2018; 10(2):829-842.
The cervical cancer screening programme, England 2017-2018, National statistics.
Watson M, Benard V, Flagg EL. Assessment of trends in cervical cancer screening rates using healthcare claims data: United State, 2003-2014 Prev Med Rep 2018;9:124-130.
Ncube BA, Bey A, Knight J. Factors associated with the uptake of cervical cancer screening among women in PortLand, Jamaica. J Med Sci 2015;7(3):104-113.
Owoeye IOG, Ibrahim IA. Knowledge and attitude towards cervical cancer screening among female students and staffs in a tertiary institution in the Niger Delta. Int J Med Res 2013; 2(1):48-50
Elamurugan S, Rajendran P, Thangamani S. Cervical cancer screening: Awareness, attitude and practice of Indian women. Trop J Med Res 2016; 19:42-46.
Moshi FV, Vandervort EB, Kibusi SM. Cervical cancer awareness among women in Tanzania: An analysis of data from 2011-2012 Tanzania HV and malaria indicators survey. Int J Chro Disea 2018; 1-7.
Ogbonna FS. Knowledge, attitude and experience of cervical cancer and screening among sub-sahara Africa female students in a United Kingdom University. Ann Afri Med 2017; 16:1-23.
Eze GU, Obiebi IP, Umuago IJ. Perspective of cervical cancer and screening practices among staff of a teaching hospital in south-south Nigeria. Jour Can Res Prac 2018; 5:67-73.
Ebu NI. Socio-demographic characteristics influencing cervical cancer screening intention of HIV- positive women in the central region of Ghana. Gynae Onco Res Prac2018; 5:3-10.
Hoque ME, Ghuman S, Coopoosmay R, Van Hal G. Cervical cancer screening among University Students in South Africa: A Theory based study. PloS ONE 2014;9(11):1-6.
Ebu NI, Mupepi SC, Siakwa MP, Sampselle CM. Knowledge, practice and barriers toward cervical cancer in Elmina, Southern Ghana. Int J Women Health 2015; 7:31-39.
Oluwole EO, Mohammed AS, Akinyinka MR, Salako O. Cervical cancer awareness and screening uptake among rural women in Lagos, Nigeria. J Comm Med Pr Heal Care 2017; 29(1):81-88.
Assoumou SZ, Mabika BM, Mbiguino AN et al. Awareness and knowledge regarding cervical cancer, Pap smear screening and human papillomavirus infection in Gabonese women. BMC Women’s Health 2015; 15:37-43.
Bakari M, Takai IU, Bukar M. Awareness and utilization of Pap smear among Health workers in Maiduguri, North East Nigeria. Niger J Basic Clic Sci 2015; 12:34-38.
Ifemelumma CC, Anikwe C, Okorochukwu BC et al. Assessment of perception and utilization of services among Health workers in low resource setting. Int J Repro Med 2019:1-8.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.