Objective: To investigate the degree of association between the specific epidemiologic factors of diabetes in the Hail Region of Saudi Arabia.
Methodology: The research is considered a case study using information from the King Salman Specialist Hospital in Hail Saudi Arabia. 5000 Medical reports and records were used in the retrospective cross-sectional study. Data analysis was done using SPSS statistical software.
Results: The Chi-square results indicated an insignificant association between gender and follow-up status (P > 0.05). Both males and females sought treatment equally, whether follow-up or new treatments (P > 0.05). There was a significant association between gender and diabetes type.
The t-test results had varied results for the differences in age, BMI, and diabetes treatment. Age differences had no significant impact on the prevalence of diabetes among males and females (t (4998) = -0.63, P > 0.05. Men had lower glycohemoglobin levels (8.11) differed significantly from that of women (8.58) t (4786) = -10.62, p < 0.05. also, the creatine levels were higher in females than males. There were significant differences in low-density lipoprotein, hemoglobin, and BMI between men and women.
Conclusions: The findings indicated differences in treatment such as unawareness of insulin injection, ignorance of health practices and unhealthy dietary habits, gender-related disparities, the inheritance of genes through which the disorder manifests, and exposure to environmental factors triggering and exacerbating the condition. Future studies should consider the genetic dimension Diabetes.
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