High Levels of Pro B-Type Natriuretic Peptides Are Associated with Adverse Outcomes in COVID-19 Disease: A Single Center Experience

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  •   Kashif Bin Naeem

  •   Najiba Abdulrazzaq

Abstract

Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2, has caused widespread morbidity and mortality worldwide. Cardiac injury is reported to be common in hospitalized patients. We evaluated whether Pro B-type Natriuretic Peptide (proBNP) levels measured on admission in COVID-19 patients were associated with worse outcomes. A retrospective analysis of laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patients who were admitted between February 2020 and July 2020 to Al Kuwait Hospital, Dubai, UAE. Patients were divided into two groups: normal proBNP (≤125 ng/L) and high proBNP (>125 ng/L) upon admission. Clinical characteristics and outcomes were compared between the two groups. A total of 389 patients were studied. Overall, mean age was 50.2 years (range 16-94 years), 77.3% were males, 35.7% diabetics, 35.2% hypertensives and 5.6% had history of cardiovascular disease. Compared to the group with normal proBNP; patients with high proBNP on admission were: older, more diabetics and hypertensives, with more history of cardiovascular disease; they presented with abnormal chest radiograph; and had lower lymphocytes, higher neutrophils, lower eGFR, higher D-dimers, higher CRP and higher procalcitonin on admission laboratory tests. These patients had more risk of developing critical illness during the hospitalization, undergoing mechanical ventilation and risk of death. Elevated pro B-type natriuretic peptide levels on admission in COVID-19 patients may predict subsequent risk of developing critical illness, undergoing mechanical ventilation, and significant high risk of death.


Keywords: COVID-19, pro B-type natriuretic peptide, outcomes

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How to Cite
Naeem, K. B., & Abdulrazzaq, N. (2020). High Levels of Pro B-Type Natriuretic Peptides Are Associated with Adverse Outcomes in COVID-19 Disease: A Single Center Experience. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 2(5). https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2020.2.5.480