Associations Between Exposure to Domestic Violence, Depression and Cyberbullying Among Secondary School Adolescents

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Bede Chinonye Akpunne

  •   A. Opadere Ayodele

  •   Stephen Ishola Babatunde

  •   Joshua Oludare Ogunsemi

  •   C. David Ndubisi

Abstract

Literatures on high prevalence of domestic violence are well documented. There is however paucity of research on exposure to domestic violence relates to cyber bullying behavior among Nigerian adolescents. The focus of this study was to determine the correlation between Exposure to Domestic Violence (EDV), depression and cyber bullying behavior among secondary school adolescents. A total of 300 purposively selected secondary school adolescents in Oshodi Isolo, Lagos metropolis Nigeria responded to Child Exposure to Domestic Violence Scale (CEDV), Centre for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale for Children (CES-DC) and Online Victimization Scale for Adolescents (OVSA). Data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS). Data was analyzed using the descriptive (frequency count) and Inferential statistics (Pearson moment correlation analysis). A high prevalence of EDV, depression and involvement of cyber bullying was reported. Patterns of the factors of cyberbullying ranged from 26.7% individual online racial discrimination to 37% vicarious online racial discrimination. EDV significantly positively related to depression and involvement in cyber bullying. Significant gender influence was observed on depressing and cyber bullying. Age categories significantly influenced cyber bullying. Authors conclude that a high prevalence of depression and involvement in cyber bullying exists among secondary school adolescents. EDV is a significant positive correlate of depression and cyber bullying. There is gender difference on depression and cyber bullying. Age categories influence cyber bullying among the adolescents.


Keywords: Domestic violence, depression, cyber bullying adolescents

References

B. Belsey. “Cyberbullying.” Retrieved from www.cyberbullying.ca [Google Scholar]). According to Willard (2004aWillard, N. (2004a). An educator's guide to cyberbullying and cyberthreats2004. Retrieved from http://cyberbully.org/docs/cbcteducator.pdf.

J. W. Patchin, and S. Hinduja, S. “Bullies move beyond the schoolyard: A preliminary look at cyberbullying”. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, vol 4 no 2 pp 148–169, 2006.

N. Willard, Educator's guide to cyberbullying: Addressing the harm caused by online social cruelty. Retrieved from http://www.asdk12.org/MiddleLink/AVB/bully_topics/EducatorsGuide_Cyberbullying.pdf 2004.

T. Beran and Q. Li. “Infusion technology into a mathematics methods course: Any impacts?”. Educational Research, vol.47(2) pp 217–233 . 2005.

World Health Organization (WHO). Addressing violence against women and achieving millennium development goals: WHO/FCH/ CWH/05.1 (http;//www.who.int/gS.ender/ 2005.

United Nations International Children’s Emergency Fund (UNICEF). Domestic violence against children. References, page 88 2007 (www.unicef.org/sowc07/docs/sowc07_panel_2_1.pdf).

R. A. C. Siemieniuk, H. B. Krentz,, J.A. Gish; and M. J. Gill, "Domestic Violence Screening: Prevalence and Outcomes in a Canadian HIV Population". AIDS Patient Care and STDs vol. 24 no12 pp. 763–770, 2010.

H. Heidi “A Feminist Reading of Security in Africa”, 20 Caring security in Africa, pp. 126-131, 1998.

A. A. Adebayo, and T. O. Kolawole, “Domestic Violence and Death: Women as Endangered Gender in Nigeria” American Journal of Sociological Research. Vol. 3 no.3, pp.53-60, 2013.

L. W. Dodd. "Therapeutic groupwork with young children and mothers who have experienced domestic abuse". Educational Psychology in Practice vol.25pp. 21–36. doi:10.1080/02667360802697571. 2009

A. Lazenbatt and M .E Thompson-Cree. "Recognizing the co-occurrence of domestic and child abuse: A comparison of community- and hospital-based midwives". Health & Social Care in the Community 2009 17(4): 358. doi:10.1111/j.1365-2524.2009.00833.

C. Sadeler. “An ounce of prevention: The life stories and perceptions of men who sexually offended against children” (M.A. thesis) Wilfrid Laurier University. 1994.

Y. Cao, L. Li, X. Zhao, Y. Zhang, X. Guo, Y. Zhang and X. Luo, “Effects of exposure to domestic violence on children’s behavior: A Chinese community-based sample”. Journal of Child & Adolescent Trauma, vol.9 no.2 pp. 127-135, 2016.

R. C. Hiremath and S. P. Debaje, “The prevalence of domestic violence and mental health profile of adolescents exposed to domestic violence in an urban slum in Mumbai”. International Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, vol. 2, no. 1, 2017.

S. M. Billah and F. Khan. “Depression among urban adolescent students of selected secondary schools.” Faridpur Med. Coll. J. 2015; vol. 9, no.2, pp.73-75.

J. L. Edleson, “Child exposure to domestic violence, (CEDV)” Minnesota Center Against Violence and Abuse, School of Social Work University of Minnesota 1404 Gortner Avenue St. Paul, MN 55108-6142, 2007.

M. M. Weissman, H. Orvaschel and N. Padian, “ Children’s symptom and social functioning self-report scales: Comparison of mothers’ and children’s reports. Journal of Nervous Mental Disorders 1980 vol.168 no.12, pp.736–740.

B. M. Tynes, C.A. Rose, and D.R. Williams, “The Development and Validation of the Online Victimization Scale for Adolescents”. Cyberpsychology: Journal of psychosocial research in cyberspace, vol. 4, no.2 article 2 retrieved from http://cyberpsychology.eu/article/view/4237/3282.

J. M. Chinawa, P. C. Manyike, H. A. Obu, A, E. Aronu, O. Odutoa and A.T. Chinawa, “Depression among adolescents attending secondary schools in southeast Nigeria” Annals of African Medicine, vol.14, pp. 46-51, 2018.

C. Umeh. “Depression among secondary school students in Nigeria”: a comparative analysis of southwest and southeast secondary school students in Nigeria. Unpublished PhD Thesis. 2018.

F. E. Okwaraji, E. N. Aguwa, G. C. Onyebueke, and C. Shiweobi-Eze, “Assessment of internet addiction and depression in a sample Nigerian university undergraduates”. International Neuropsychiatric Disease Journal vol.4 no.3 pp. 114-122, 2015; Article no.INDJ.2015.033 ISSN: 2321-7235.

K. K. Jha, S. K. Singh and N. Aggrawal, “Depression among school-going adolescents in an urban area of Bihar”, India. International Journal of Research in Medicine, vol. 6 no. 8 pp. 2813-2817, 2017.

K. S. Kumar and B. S. Akoijam, “Depression, anxiety and stress among higher secondary school of Imphal”, Manipur. Indian Journal of Community Medicine, vol. 42, pp. 94-96, 2018.

M. Ramli, S. Adlina, A. Suthahar, A. B. Edariah, F. M. Ariff, A. H. H. Narimah, A. S, Nuraliza, I, Fauzi and C. Karuthan, “Depression among secondary school students”: a comparison between urban and rural populations in a Malaysian community. Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 8 no2 pp. 82-89, 2017.

D. Barrio, M. J. Dios, I. Montero, E. Martin, E. Ochaita, M. A. Espinosa, H. Y. Gutierrez and A. Barrios, “Cyberbullying among Spanish secondary school students”. 15th European Conference on Developmental Psychology 2018.

Y. Bulut and B, Alci. “Cyberbullying among secondary school students”. Kalemacademy.com,.2014.

T. Safaria, The prevalence and impact of cyberbullying in a sample of Indonesian junior high school students. TOJET, July 2016, vol. 15, no. 3.

C. N. Kingsley, C. N. Ementa and P. E. Ejikeme. “Cyberbullying among Nigerian students: awareness and incidence”. Romanian Journal of Psychological Studies, 2018 vol. 6, no.1

D. Owuamanam and V. I. Makinwa “The prevalence of bullying among secondary school students in Ondo state, Nigeria”. European Scientific Journal, vol. 11, no. 20, 2015.

D. J. Flannery, K. L. Wester and M. I. Singer, “The impact of exposure to domestic violence on children and adolescents mental health”. Journal of Community Psychology, vol. 32 5 pp. 559-573, 2014.

N. A. Amazu and P. I. Enang, “Domestic abuse and behavioral problems among students in Aba”, Abia state Nigeria. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, vol. 5 no. 4 pp. 1-8, 2018.

B. G. Edwards, “Children's Exposure to Domestic Violence”. Children exposed to domestic violence may experience a range of difficulties. 2019, Febuary 26.

C. Kothari, (2018): “The Link Between Bullying and Domestic Violence”. Accessed 16th August 2019 from http://www.mariposarespect.org/pdf/The%20Link%20Between%20Bullying%20and%20Domestic%20Violence.pdf.

T.J. Borchard, “Why do women get depressed more than men”. 8th July 2018.

J. Maclean, “Girls more likely to be victims of cyberbullying than boys, finds Canadian study”. 2017.

I. Aoyama, T. Talbert and L. Barnard-Brak “Cyberbullying among high school students in Texas”. Cyberbullying in the Global Playground, 2011 pp. 183-201.

D. Hango, Insight on canadian society . cyberbullying and cyberstalking among internet users aged 15 to 29 in canada . Symbol of statistics Canada. 2016. Retrieved June 25, 2020 from https://www150.statcan.gc.ca/n1/pub/75-006-x/2016001/article/14693-eng.htm.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Akpunne, B., Ayodele, A., Babatunde, S., Ogunsemi, J., & Ndubisi, C. (2020). Associations Between Exposure to Domestic Violence, Depression and Cyberbullying Among Secondary School Adolescents. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 2(4). https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2020.2.4.376