The last twenty years have been seen to extensive research on stress providing considerable insight into the biological basis of stress–fight and flight response, autonomic nervous systems and immune systems and cognitive functions interactions like attention, memory, and creativity. Rapid change and development in the field of technology have made the world more competitive. This competency has made life more stressful. This paper encompasses the previous studies conducted till date on stress across the globe, based on neurobiology, sources, and Impact of stress. An extensive literature search with key words stress, sources of stress, Impact of stress and coping strategies and have yielded many studies. In the present chapter, we have focused on how stress affects the cognition, immune system and hormones. These articles were collected mainly from online databases EBSCO and ProQuest. The studies have shown that stressful situations reduce working memory, attention, and concentration resulting in poor work efficiency/performance. The critical issues for future research have been identified and discussed based on the shortcomings of previous literature.
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