Since self-esteem has been recognized to predict health and psychological well-being, it is crucial to assess the self-esteem and its relation with psychological distress. Methodology: This study was conducted among 257 dental students. The psychological distress was assessed using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) while self-esteem was assessed using the adult form of the Coopersmith Self-Esteem Inventory. Results: Female students had significantly lower self-esteem compared to male students (51.4 and 59.1 respectively). There is a strong negative correlation between psychological distress and self-esteem (r= -0.5, p<0.00). Students with psychological distress had significantly lower mean self-esteem score compared to those who are not distressed (43.07 and 60.03 respectively). Conclusion: Low self-esteem is higher among female students and self-esteem is negatively correlated to psychological distress among undergraduate students.
Giugliano RJ, “The systemic neglect of New York's young adults with mental illness,” Psychiatric services,vol. 55(4),pp.451-453, 2004.
Ali SM, Malik AA, “Psychopathology and self esteem among students of University of Karachi,” International Journal of Innovation and Scientific Research,vol.10(2),pp.387-94, 2014.
Parthi K, Rohilla SS, “A Study of Mental Health, Perceived Stress, and Self-Esteem among Students in Higher Education,” The International Journal of Indian Psychology, vol.4 (4), 2017.
Aline Drapeau, Alain Marchand, Dominic Beaulieu-Prévost, “Epidemiology of Psychological Distress, Mental Illnesses Understanding, Prediction and Control,” Prof. Luciano LAbate (Ed.), ISBN: 978-953-307-6621, InTech, 5: 105-134. 2012.
Mirowsky, J., C.E. Ross, “Selecting outcomes for the sociology of mental health: Issues of measurement and dimensionality,” Journal of Health and Social Behavior, vol. 43, pp.152-170, 2002.
Radeef AS, Faisal GG, “Psychological Distress and Sources of Stressors amongst Medical and Science Undergraduate Students in Malaysia,” Makara Journal of Health Research,vol.8, pp.61-7, 2017.
Radeef AS, Faisal GG, “Depression, anxiety and stress with possible sources of stressors among undergraduate medical students in Malaysia,” Brunei International Medical Journal,vol. 12 (1),pp. 18-25, 2016.
Shamsuddin K, Fariza F, Wan Salwina WI, et al, “Correlates of depression, anxiety and stress among Malaysian university students,” Asian Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 6 pp.318–23, 2013.
Azlina Wati Nikmat, “Psychological well-being, stress and coping style among pre-clinical medical students’” Research management institute, Universiti Teknologi Mara. 2010.
Radeef AS, Faisal GG, Ali SM, Mohamed Ismail MKH, “Source of stressors and emotional disturbances among undergraduate science students in Malaysia,” International Journal of Medical Research and Health Science,vol. 3pp.401-0, 2014.
Goldberg, D. P.,Williams, P, A user’s guide to the General Health Questionnaire. Windsor UK: NFER-Nelson. 1988.
Goldberg, D. P., Gater, R., Sartorius, N., Ustun, T. B., Piccinelli, M., Gureje, O. & Rutter, C. “The validity of two versions of the GHQ in the WHO study of mental illness in general health care,” Psychological Medicine,vol. 27(1), pp.191-197, 1997.
Coopersmith, S. “The antecedents of self-esteem”. San Francisco: W. H. Freeman &Co.1967.
Yusoff MS, Abdul Rahim AF, Yaacob MJ, “Prevalence and Sources of Stress among Universiti Sains Malaysia Medical Students”. Malaysia Journal of Medical Science., 17(1),pp.30-7, 2010
Sherina MS, Rampal L, Kaneson, “Psychological stress among undergraduate medical student” Medical Journal Malaysia, 59, pp.207-11, 2004.
Zulkefly NS, Baharudin R, “Using the 12-item General Health Questionnaire (GHQ-12) to assess the psychological health of Malaysian college students” Global Journal of Health Science,2, pp73, 2010.
Firth J, “Levels and sources of stress in medical students” Brunie Medical Journal, 292, pp.1177-80, 2010.
Sreeramareddy CT, Shankar PR, Binu VS, Mukhopadhyay C, Ray B, Menezes RG. Psychological morbidity, sources of stress and coping “strategies among undergraduate medical students of Nepal” BMC Medical Education, 7:1, 2007.
Arshad M, Zaidi SM, Mahmood K, “Self-Esteem & Academic Performance among University Students” Journal of Education and Practice, 6 (1), pp.156-62, 2015.
 Harikrishnan U, Ali A, “Resilience, Psychological Distress, and Self-Esteem among Undergraduate Students in Kollam District, Kerala” Journal of Social Work Education and Practice, 3(4), pp.27-36, 2018.
Papazisis G, Nicolaou P, Tsiga E, Christoforou T, Sapountzi‐Krepia D, “Religious and spiritual beliefs, self‐esteem, anxiety, and depression among nursing students” Nursing & health sciences, 16(2), pp.232-8,2014.
Peteet BJ, Brown CM, Lige QM, Lanaway DA, “Impostorism is associated with greater psychological distress and lower self-esteem for African American students” Current Psychology,34(1), pp.154-63, 2015.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.