PARP Inhibitor for Ovarian Cancer Therapy

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   I Nyoman Bayu Mahendra

  •   William Alexander Setiawan

Abstract

Almost all ovarian cancers are comprised of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC). Approximately 80% of patients with EOC initially respond to standard cytoreductive therapy and postoperative platinum-based chemotherapy. However, due to drug resistance in high-grade serous ovarian cancer (HGSOC), recurrence is almost inevitable. Recently, the nuclear enzyme poly (ADP ribose) polymerase (PARP) represents a surprisingly new target in EOC therapy. Inhibitors of PARP have demonstrated promising efficacy in the treatment of EOC. Studies on Olaparib, in particular, hastened its approval in the USA and Europe. The main topics of this study are the pre-clinical evidence, ongoing clinical studies, recent advancements in PARP inhibitor technology, and their potential future roles in clinical care for EOC patients.


Keywords: EOC, PARP, Olaparib

References

Siegel RL, Miller KD, Jemal A. Cancer Statistics, 2017. CA Cancer J Clin. 2017; 67(1): 7-30.

George SH, Garcia R, Slomovitz BM. Ovarian Cancer: The Fallopian Tube as the Site of Origin and Opportunities for Prevention. Front Oncol. 2016; 6: 108.

Papa A, Caruso D, Strudel M, Tomao S, Tomao F. Update on Poly-ADP-ribose polymerase inhibition for ovarian cancer treatment. J Transl Med. 2016; 14: 267.

Karakasis K, Burnier JV, Bowering V, Oza AM, Lheureux S. Ovarian Cancer and BRCA1/2 Testing: Opportunities to Improve Clinical Care and Disease Prevention. Front Oncol. 2016; 6: 119.

Banerjee S, Kaye SB. New strategies in the treatment of ovarian cancer: current clinical perspectives and future potential. Clin Cancer Res. 2013; 19(5): 961-8.

Ang YLE, Tan DSP. Development of PARP inhibitors in gynecological malignancies. Curr Probl Cancer. 2017; 41(4): 273-286.

Gibson BA, Kraus WL. New insights into the molecular and cellular functions of poly(ADP-ribose) and PARPs. Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol. 2012; 13(7): 411-24.

George A, Kaye S, Banerjee S. Delivering widespread BRCA testing and PARP inhibition to patients with ovarian cancer. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2017; 14(5): 284-296.

Scott CL, Swisher EM, Kaufmann SH. Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitors: recent advances and future development, J. Clin. Oncol. 2015; 33(12): 1397-1406.

Langelier MF, Servent KM, Rogers EE, Pascal JM. A third zinc-binding domain of human poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 coordinates DNA-dependent enzyme activation. J Biol Chem. 2008; 283(7): 4105-14.

Tao Z, Gao P, Hoffman DW, Liu HW. Domain C of human poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 is important for enzyme activity and contains a novel zinc-ribbon motif. Biochemistry. 2008; 47(21): 5804-13.

Plummer R. Perspective on the pipeline of drugs being developed with modulation of DNA damage as a target. Clin Cancer Res. 2010; 16(18): 4527-31.

Chen Y, Zhang L, Hao Q. Olaparib: a promising PARP inhibitor in ovarian cancer therapy. Arch Gynecol Obstet. 2013; 288(2): 367-74.

Davar D, Beumer JH, Hamieh L, Tawbi H. Role of PARP inhibitors in cancer biology and therapy. Curr Med Chem. 2012; 19(23): 3907-21.

Sonnenblick A, de Azambuja E, Azim HA Jr, Piccart M. An update on PARP inhibitors--moving to the adjuvant setting. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2015; 12(1): 27-41.

Gudmundsdottir K, Ashworth A. The roles of BRCA1 and BRCA2 and associated proteins in the maintenance of genomic stability. Oncogene. 2006; 25(43): 5864-74.

Jones P, Wilcoxen K, Rowley M, Toniatti C. Niraparib: A Poly(ADP-ribose) Polymerase (PARP) Inhibitor for the Treatment of Tumors with Defective Homologous Recombination. J Med Chem. 2015; 58(8): 3302-14.

Hall JM, Lee MK, Newman B, Morrow JE, Anderson LA, Huey B, et al. Linkage of early-onset familial breast cancer to chromosome 17q21. Science. 1990; 250(4988): 1684-9.

Wooster R, Neuhausen SL, Mangion J, Quirk Y, Ford D, Collins N, et al. Localization of a breast cancer susceptibility gene, BRCA2, to chromosome 13q12-13. Science. 1994; 265(5181): 2088-90.

Audeh MW. Novel treatment strategies in triple-negative breast cancer: specific role of poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase inhibition. Pharmgenomics Pers Med. 2014; 7: 307-16.

Chen S, Parmigiani G. Meta-analysis of BRCA1 and BRCA2 penetrance. J Clin Oncol. 2007; 25(11): 1329-33.

Risch HA, McLaughlin JR, Cole DE, Rosen B, Bradley L, Kwan E, et al. Prevalence and penetrance of germline BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutations in a population series of 649 women with ovarian cancer. Am J Hum Genet. 2001; 68(3): 700-10.

Alsop K, Fereday S, Meldrum C, deFazio A, Emmanuel C, George J, et al. BRCA mutation frequency and patterns of treatment response in BRCA mutation-positive women with ovarian cancer: a report from the Australian Ovarian Cancer Study Group. J Clin Oncol. 2012; 30(21): 2654-63

Farmer H, McCabe N, Lord CJ, Tutt AN, Johnson DA, Richardson TB, et al. Targeting the DNA repair defect in BRCA mutant cells as a therapeutic strategy. Nature. 2005; 434(7035): 917-21.

Bryant HE, Schultz N, Thomas HD, Parker KM, Flower D, Lopez E, et al. Specific killing of BRCA2-deficient tumors with inhibitors of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase. Nature. 2005; 434(7035): 913-7.

Evans U. Matulonis, PARP inhibitors in ovarian cancer: evidence, experience and clinical potential, Ther. Adv. Med. Oncol. 2017; 9(4): 253-267.

Kaelin WJ. The concept of synthetic lethality in the context of anticancer therapy, Nat. Rev. Cancer. 2005; 5(9): 689-698.

Hoeijmakers J. Genome maintenance mechanisms for preventing cancer. Nature. 2001; 411(6835): 366-374.

Loveday C, Turnbull C, Ramsay E, Hughes D, Ruark E, Frankum JR, et al. Germline mutations in RAD51D confer susceptibility to ovarian cancer. Nat Genet. 2011; 43(9): 879-882.

Bajrami I, Frankum JR, Konde A, Miller RE, Rehman FL, Brough R, et al. Genome-wide profiling of genetic synthetic lethality identifies CDK12 as a novel determinant of PARP1/2 inhibitor sensitivity. Cancer Res. 2014; 74(1): 287-297.

Ke Y, Zhang J, Lv X, Zeng X, Ba X. Novel insights into PARPs in gene expression: regulation of RNA metabolism. Cell Mol Life Sci. 2019; 76(17): 3283-3299.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>