Neurocognitive Disorders in Mild Head Trauma: Casablanca Experience

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  •   A. Laaidi

  •   S. Hmada

  •   Y. Tahrir

  •   F. Ajmani

  •   A. Naja

  •   A. Lakhdar

Abstract


Background: Mild head trauma (MHT) is defined as loss of consciousness of less than 30 minutes, GCS> 13, post-traumatic amnesia duration of less than 24 hours. The aim of our study is to analyze all the neurological and psychological consequences of MHT




Methods: We carried out a prospective study on 40 cases of mild head trauma in the neurosurgical diagnostic center of Ibn Rochd Hospital Casablanca over a period of 4 months.




Results: The average age was 30 years, with 70% male predominance. At the time of the accident, more than 50% were in professional activity. Road accidents represent 78% of the causes. Hemorrhagic contusion was found in 35% of cases, epidural hematoma in 27%, and only 20% without any radiological abnormalities. The neuropsychiatric sequelae most frequently found are irritability in 92%, followed by headache and restlessness in 90% of cases, rapid mood changes in 87.5%, rapid fatigue, intolerance to noise and light, dizziness as well as memory disorders and sleep disorders are frequent. Patients with hemorrhagic contusions have heavier sequelae, a close relationship was observed between the sequelae of MHT and the disappearance of friendly relations in more than 50% of our patients, as well as the job loss. In 45% of patients, with a marked decline in leisure activities and sports practice.




Conclusion: MHT is a frequent pathology, with a good evolution but sometimes heavy and underestimated neuropsychiatric sequelae. The legal implications are important and lack specificity and the cost is enormous.



Keywords: Medico-legal management, mild head trauma, neurocognitive disorders

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How to Cite
Laaidi, A., Hmada, S., Tahrir, Y., Ajmani, F. ., Naja, A., & Lakhdar, A. (2022). Neurocognitive Disorders in Mild Head Trauma: Casablanca Experience. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 4(2), 99–104. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2022.4.2.1239