White Blood Cell Profile among Different Clinical Stages of COVID-19 Patients

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  •   Khushbun Nahar Layla

  •   Shahanara Yeasmin

  •   Sharif Ahmed Khan

  •   Khyrun Nahar Shaila

  •   Afrina Binte Azad

  •   Rahnuma Ahmad

  •   Samina Rahman

Abstract

Coronavirus is affecting millions of people world-wide. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is declared a pandemic by WHO. Severe acute respiratory syndrome corona virus 2(SARS-CoV-2) is the causative agent. The clinical presentations of SARS-CoV-2 infection range from febrile illness to pneumonia, ARDS and multi organ failures. Increasing scientific evidences have shown that abnormalities in routine laboratory test, particularly haematological parameters influence the outcome of the disease. Here variations in WBC profile in several clinical forms of COVID-19 patients are observed, The clinical course of the disease may change with haematological parameters such as lower total count of WBC, lymphocyte, higher neutrophil count, eosinophil count etc. By investigating haematological parameters of different clinical stage of RT-PCR positive 100 COVID-19 patients, statistically significant association (p value 0.001) of lymphocyte count with disease severity was found. It is also found that higher level of total count WBC, neutrophil count in severe group in comparison to mild and moderate groups but failed to reach any statistical significance. Moreover total count WBC and neutrophil count showed positive correlations but lymphocyte count, eosinophil count and monocyte count showed negative correlation with severity of disease. So, complete analysis of the haematological parameters will be very much helpful for early detection of complications & better control of the disease.


Keywords: COVID-19, SARS-C0-V-2, RT-PCR, WBC

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How to Cite
Layla, K. N., Yeasmin, S., Khan, S. A., Shaila, K. N., Azad, A. B., Ahmad, R., & Rahman, S. (2021). White Blood Cell Profile among Different Clinical Stages of COVID-19 Patients . European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 3(5), 73–76. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2021.3.5.1051