How Fast Foods Impact Coronary Artery Disease Incidence: A Cross-Sectional Study

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Khudayenoor

  •   Ayesha Shaheen

  •   Aimen Fatima

  •   Zohaib Saleem

  •   Hafeez Arshad

  •   Tayyab Mumtaz Khan

  •   Shahrukh Khan

  •   Bilal Sharif

  •   Madeeha Mumtaz

Abstract

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a very ordinary health problem around the globe. CAD is affected by numerous factors like diabetes, obesity, smoking, gender, and diet. However, the association of CAD with diet is understudied in our region that’s why our study was aimed to evaluate the effect of diet on CAD incidence. This cross-sectional study was completed among local population of Rawalpindi, Pakistan in almost 6 months from November 2020 to April 2021. People were taken in our study via set criteria. Data was collected by self-structured proforma. Data analysis was performed by applying IBM SPSS version 25. Descriptive statistics were applied for quantitative variables. Statistical tests like Chi-square test and Spearman correlation analysis were applied to know the association, direction, and strength of study variables. Our current study displays overall high prevalence CAD (17.48%) among study population. Mean value of age for study participants was 45.42 with SD of ±8.01years. Prevalence of CAD was more common among females, faster food eaters and fresh fruit and raw vegetables non-eaters. Gender, fast food, and fresh fruits and vegetables were associated with CHD significantly with p-values 0.030, 0.0007, and 0.0006 respectively. Strength and direction for fast food and CAD association was very strong and positive while for association between fresh fruits and raw vegetables and CAD was very strong and negative with correlation coefficient +0.812 and -0.831 respectively. In a nutshell, current study indicates high prevalence of CAD especially among females, fast food eaters and fresh fruits and raw vegetables non-eaters. Higher consumption of fast foods leads to higher incidence of CAD and vice versa while higher consumption of fresh fruits and raw vegetables bring down the incidence of CAD incidence and vice versa. So, we need to create awareness among people about the impact of food on CAD and gender specific interventions for each gender to lower down the CAD incidence.


Keywords: Coronary artery disease, cross sectional, fast foods, impact, incidence

References

P.A. McCullough, “Coronary artery disease,” Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2(3):611-6, 2007.

G. A. Mensah, D. W. Brown, “An overview of cardiovascular disease burden in the United States,” Health affairs 26(1):38-48, 2007.

I. S. Petrukhin, E. Y. Lunina, “Cardiovascular disease risk factors and mortality in Russia: challenges and barriers,” Public Health Reviews 33(2):436-49, 2011.

X. Wang, M. Gao, S. Zhou, J. Wang, F. Liu, F. Tian, J. Jin, Q. Ma, X. Xue, J. Liu, Y. Liu, “Trend in young coronary artery disease in China from 2010 to 2014: a retrospective study of young patients ≤ 45,” BMC cardiovascular disorders 17(1):1-8, 2017.

M. M. Al-Nozha, M. R. Arafah, Y. Y. Al-Mazrou, M. A. Al-Maatouq, N. B. Khan, M. Z. Khalil, A. H. Al-Khadra, K. Al-Marzouki, M. A. Abdullah, S. S. Al-Harthi, M. S. Al-Shahid, “Coronary artery disease in Saudi Arabia,” Saudi med J 25(9):1165-71, 2004.

T. H. Jafar, Z. Qadri, N. Chaturvedi, “Coronary artery disease epidemic in Pakistan: more electrocardiographic evidence of ischaemia in women than in men,” Heart 94(4):408-13, 2008.

Z. N. Hatmi, S. Tahvildari, A. G. Motlag, A. S. Kashani, “Prevalence of coronary artery disease risk factors in Iran: a population-based survey,” BMC cardiovascular disorders 7(1):1-5, 2007.

I. Wakabayashi, “Gender differences in cardiovascular risk factors in patients with coronary artery disease and those with type 2 diabetes,” Journal of thoracic disease 9(5): E503, 2017.

L. Galiuto, G. Locorotondo, “Gender differences in cardiovascular disease,” Journal of Integrative Cardiology 1(1):20-2, 2015.

J. Tuomilehto, “Impact of age on cardiovascular risk: implications for cardiovascular disease management,” Atherosclerosis Supplements 5(2):9-17, 2004.

T. M. Khan, S.Bibi, S. T. Rasool, M. Jamil, S. Khan, H. Shafique, S. U. Jafri, H. Ishfaq, S. Salamat, U. F. Iqbal, H. Amjad, “Impact of Depression on Food Consumption Frequency among Medical Students of Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan,” European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2(6), 2020.

T. M. Khan, S. Bibi, T. Shoaib, E. Shoaib, A. Bibi, H. Sajid, S. Khan, A. Sohail, J. Akram, M. Naseer, M. Mumtaz, “Perceived Stress and Food Consumption Frequency among Medical Students of Rawalpindi Medical University, Pakistan,” European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 2(6), 2020.

C. Liu, B. Xie, C.P. Chou, C. Koprowski, D. Zhou, P. Palmer, P. Sun, Q. Guo, L. Duan, X. Sun, C. A. Johnson, “Perceived stress, depression and food consumption frequency in the college students of China Seven Cities,” Physiology & behavior 92(4):748-54, 2007.

S. Stender, J. Dyerberg, A. Astrup, “Fast food: unfriendly and unhealthy,” International Journal of Obesity 31(6):887-90, 2007.

L. E. Cahill, A. Pan, S. E. Chiuve, Q. Sun, W. C. Willett, F. B. Hu, E. B. Rimm, “Fried-food consumption and risk of type 2 diabetes and coronary artery disease: a prospective study in 2 cohorts of US women and men,” The American journal of clinical nutrition 100(2):667-75, 2014.

C. B. Esselstyn, “A plant-based diet and coronary artery disease: a mandate for effective therapy,” Journal of geriatric cardiology: JGC 14(5):317, 2017.

P. Tuso, S. R. Stoll, W. W. Li, “A plant-based diet, atherogenesis, and coronary artery disease prevention,” The Permanente Journal 19(1):62, 2015.

F. Zubair, S. K. Nawaz, A. Nawaz, H. Nangyal, N. Amjad, M. S. Khan, “Prevalence of cardiovascular diseases in Punjab, Pakistan: a cross-sectional study,” Journal of Public Health 26(5):523-9, 2018.

J. Akram, H. R. Rehman, F. Muneer, S. Hassan, R. Fatima, T. M. Khan, M. Khizar, S. Tahir, M. Asim, M. Shabbir, S. Asif, “Hypertension and Obesity: A Cross-Sectional Study,” European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences 3(4), 90–94, 2021.

Y. Erdem, M. Arici, B. Altun, C. Turgan, S. Sindel, B. Erbay, U. Derici, O. Karatan, E. Hasanoglu, S. Caglar, “The relationship between hypertension and salt intake in Turkish population: SALTURK study,” Blood pressure 19(5):313-8, 2010.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Khudayenoor, Shaheen, A. ., Fatima, A., Saleem, Z., Arshad, H. ., Khan, T. M., Khan, S., Sharif, B., & Mumtaz , M. (2021). How Fast Foods Impact Coronary Artery Disease Incidence: A Cross-Sectional Study. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 3(5), 52–55. https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2021.3.5.1033

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>