Effect of Diode Laser on Gingival Crevicular Fluid Stromal Derived Factor – 1 Alpha Level in Chronic Periodontitis Patients- A Randomized Clinical Trial

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  •   Rakesh M.P.

  •   Krishna Kripal

  •   Deepthi R.

  •   Sandeep S. Prabhu

  •   Shanmugapriya P.A.

Abstract

Background: SDF-1α may be involved in the immune defense pathway activated during periodontal disease. Upon development of disease, SDF-1α levels increase and may recruit host defensive cells into sites of inflammation. This suggests that SDF-1α may be a useful biomarker for the identification of periodontal disease progression. Previous studies suggested that diode laser using as an adjunct to SRP in clinical and biochemical benefits.


Aims and objectives: The aim of the present study was to assess the effect of diode laser on gingival crevicular fluid stromal derived factor – 1 alpha (SDF-1α) level in chronic generalized periodontitis patients. 


Materials and methods: A total of 30 patients were divided in two groups based on inclusion and exclusion criteria as follows: Group 1:  15 chronic generalized periodontitis patients who received treatment with scaling and root planing. Group 2: 15 chronic generalized periodontitis patients who received treatment with scaling and root planing and diode laser. Each GCF samples were collected at baseline, 15 days and 21 days after treatment. Clinical parameters like gingival index, probing pocket depth and clinical attachment level were recorded and GCF samples also collected.


Results: All the clinical parameters (GI, PPD, CAL) and the concentration of SDF-1α level in GCF were found to be significantly reduced in the group 2 compared to group 1 after 21 days. The mean values of GI, PPD, CAL parameters at different time intervals was found statistically significant in both the groups (p<0.001).


Conclusion: Within the limitations of the present study, we conclude that diode laser used as an adjunct to SRP provides greater improvement in clinical and biochemical benefits over conventional mechanical treatment during medium term of observation.


Keywords: Chronic Generalised Periodontitis; Diode laser; Gingival crevicular fluid; SDF-1α.

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How to Cite
M.P., R., Kripal, K., R., D., Prabhu, S., & P.A., S. (2019). Effect of Diode Laser on Gingival Crevicular Fluid Stromal Derived Factor – 1 Alpha Level in Chronic Periodontitis Patients- A Randomized Clinical Trial. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 1(5). https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2019.1.5.92