Spatial Analysis of Risk Factors of Potable Water and The Efficiency of HIV/AIDS in Ekiti State, Nigeria


  •   Folorunso Owoola

  •   Wole W. Adebayo

  •   Kayode O. Olowe


Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) have been a major problem around the world, and various control have been put in place to tame this potentially life-threatening virus. The research aims to expose the relationship between HIV/AIDS and potable water. However, it is generally believed that the virus cannot be contacted through water, but the interface between HIV/AIDS may likely be influenced through scarcity of water. The data for this research was collected through administration of questionnaire to people leaving with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) at major health institutions in the three senatorial districts in Ekiti state. The data collected were analyzed using statistical tools and the results show that 44.5% of the respondents believed that water availability can reduce the spread of HIV/AIDS infection around the study area. 84.5% of the respondents had an increased need of water after HIV infections. While 92.7% of the respondents agreed HIV positive people have increased need for better hygiene and sanitation. The study discovers that water, sanitation, hygiene and population are agents determining the spread of HIV/AIDS in the environment. Thus, planning and proper spread of infrastructure that support supply of potable water will reduce and control the virus.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Potable-water, Sanitation, Hygiene


Bloomfield G.S, Khazanie P, Morris A, Rabadán-Diehl C, Benjamin L.A, Murdoch D, Hicks C (2014). HIV and non-communicable cardiovascular and pulmonary diseases in low-and middle-income countries in the ART era: what we know and best directions for future research. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes (1999), 67(0 1), S40.

Lule, J. R., Mermin, J., Ekwaru, J. P., Malamba, S., Downing, R., Ransom, R. & Kaharuza, F. (2005). Effect of home-based water chlorination and safe storage on diarrhea among persons with human immunodeficiency virus in Uganda. The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene, 73(5), 926-933.

Mackinnon, E., Ayah, R., Taylor, R., Owor, M., Ssempebwa, J., Olago, L. D., & Fottrell, E. (2019). 21st century research in urban WASH and health in sub-Saharan Africa: methods and outcomes in transition. International journal of environmental health research, 29(4), 457-478.

Ekiti State Action Committee on AIDS (2009) Ekiti State HIV/AIDS Response Review 2004-2008. Ado Ekiti, EKSACA.

Keating, J., Meekers, D., & Adewuyi, A. (2006). Assessing effects of a media campaign on HIV/AIDS awareness and prevention in Nigeria: results from the VISION Project. BMC Public health, 6(1), 123.

Loucks, D. P., & Van Beek, E. (2017). Water resource systems planning and management: An introduction to methods, models, and applications. Springer.

Falkenmark, M., Rockstrom, J., & Rockström, J. (2004). Balancing water for humans and nature: the new approach in ecohydrology. Earthscan.

UNICEF. (2007). The state of the world's children 2008: Child survival (Vol. 8). UNICEF.

Ucha, C. (2010). Poverty in Nigeria: Some dimensions and contributing factors. Global Majority E-Journal, 1(1), 46-56.

Hutton, G., Haller, L., Water, S., & World Health Organization. (2004). Evaluation of the costs and benefits of water and sanitation improvements at the global level (No. WHO/SDE/WSH/04.04). Geneva: World Health Organization.

Hubbard, B., Sarisky, J., Gelting, R., Baffigo, V., Seminario, R., & Centurion, C. (2011). A community demand-driven approach toward sustainable water and sanitation infrastructure development. International journal of hygiene and environmental health, 214(4), 326-334.


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Owoola, F., Adebayo, W., & Olowe, K. (2019). Spatial Analysis of Risk Factors of Potable Water and The Efficiency of HIV/AIDS in Ekiti State, Nigeria. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 1(4).