Background—The prognosis is essential in management and follows up of asthmatic patients. Neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio is considered as the common prognostic marker for many diseases especially the asthma.
Aim of study—To assess the relationship between asthma severity and neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio in comparison to healthy controls.
Patients and methods—This study is a cross sectional study conducted in Respiratory Consultancy Clinic in Baghdad Teaching Hospital in Medical City during the period from 1st of October, 2018 to 31st of March, 2019 on sample of 50 asthmatic patients and 50 healthy controls. The diagnosis of asthma was confirmed by the supervisor through clinical symptoms, signs, spirometery with reversibility test (according to GINA guideline.).
Results—A highly significant difference was observed between asthmatic cases and controls regarding age (p<0.001). A significant association was observed between obesity and asthmatic cases (p=0.001). There was a highly significant association between high neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio and asthmatic cases (p<0.001). The neutrophil/lymphocyte ratio was significantly increased with advanced age, females, severe and uncontrolled asthma.
Conclusions—The neutrophil to lymphocyte ratio is useful biomarker in assessment of asthma severity.
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