Public Health Challenges in Somachi Main Abattoir Owerri, Nigeria: A Review and Field Activity Report


  •   Chidubem Sharon Obidegwu

  •   Henry Nnaemeka Chineke

  •   Chika N Ubajaka

  •   Prosper Obunikem Adogu


Abattoir activities are known to pollute the environment, posing significant public health concerns. These activities predispose the workers and nearby communities to some communicable and non-communicable diseases. In the production of animal for food, more attention should be focused on the interactions between animal production and the environment. Meat production in the Somachi main abattoir, should be carried with the best of structures to produce wholesome and safe meat, avoid environmental pollution and circumvent human health risks especially for the sake of families and communities living close by. It is recommended that there should be immediate installation of necessary standard equipment and major functional units of the abattoir such as cold rooms, skinning machines, slaughtering machines, changing rooms for workers and toilets. In the medium/ long term, there should be appropriate technology should be developed, to take care of all the wastes generated in the abattoir, including abattoir wastewater, treatment and recycling for irrigation; and compost and biogas production.

The abattoir workers and management need regular updates of health information concerning the peculiar nature of their job with a view to preserving not just their health but also that of their customers and community in general.

Keywords: Abattoir; Public Health challenges; Owerri; Nigeria


Gail A. Eisnitz. Slaughterhouse. Prometheus Books, New York: 1997: 310-12

Blood D. C. & Studdert, V. P. Bailliere’s comprehensive veterinary Dictionary Oval Road, London NW1 7DX. 1990: 24-28.

Merck Veterinary Manual (1998). Merck & Co. Inc. White house station, USA.1998;8: 2305

Eriksens P.J. FAO Slaughter house and Slaughters.1978:8-9

Adelagan, J.A. Environmental policy and slaughter house waste in Nigeria. In: Proceedings of the 28th WEDC conference, India; 2002.

Adeyemo, O.K. Unhygienic operations of a city abattoir in South Western Nigeria: Environmental implication.2002 4(1):23-27.

Akinro AO, Ologunagba B and Olotu Y. Environmental implications of unhygienic operation of a city abattoir in Akure, Western Nigeria. Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences, 2009; 4 (9):60-62

Adebowale O. O, Adedamola J, Adeyemo O, Eniola K. Potential Bacterial Zoonotic Pathogens Isolated from a Major Abattoir and its Receiving Surface Water in Abeokuta, Nigeria Alexandria Journal of Veterinary Sciences 2016; 50(1):94-98

Otolorin, G. R., Okolocha1, E.C., Ameh, V. O., Mshelbwala, P. P2., Danjuma, F. A3 and Dzikwi, A. A. Public Health Risk of Abattoir Operation in Zango Abattoir Zaria, Kaduna State Nigeria. Annual Research & Review in Biology. 2015; 5(2): 139-146.

Tritt, W.P, Schuchardt, F. Materials flow and possibilities of treating liquid and solid wastes from slaughterhouses in Germany. Bio resource Technology. 1992;41:235-245.

Schlech, W.F., Lavigne P.M. & Bortolussi, R.A. Epidemic listeriosis-evidence for transmission by food. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2005; 308:203-206

Duffy G, Burgess CM, Bolton DJ. A review of factors that affect transmission and survival of verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli in the European farm to fork beef chain. Meat Science, 2014; 97 (3):375-383

Alline R. P and Sperandio P, Sperandio V. Shiga toxin in enterohemorrhagic E.coli: regulation and novel anti-virulence strategies. Front. Cell. Infect. Microbiol., 07 June 2012|

R. J. Vidmar. (August 1992). On the use of atmospheric plasmas as electromagnetic reflectors. IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. [Online]. 21(3). pp.876-880.Available: 21ps03-vidmar


Download data is not yet available.


How to Cite
Obidegwu, C., Chineke, H., Ubajaka, C., & Adogu, P. (2019). Public Health Challenges in Somachi Main Abattoir Owerri, Nigeria: A Review and Field Activity Report. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 1(2).