Characteristics of Cataract Patients in Wangaya Hospital Bali Year 2019: A Descriptive Study

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Anak Agung Ayu Putri Khrisnawati

  •   Ketut Pramana Adiputra

  •   I.A. Putri Kartiningsih

  •   Ni Made Dwipayani

  •   Harumi Purwa Prahesthy

Abstract

Cataract is one of the most common cause of visual disturbance with increasing incidence and prevalence in the world. It is characterized by a clouding of the normally clear lens and is associated with age but can also occurs congenitally or be caused by eye trauma. In Wangaya Hospital, blurred vision due to cataract is one of the eye cases that is often found in eye clinics with varying types of cataract, maturity, age, and sex. Therefore, researcher wanted to find out the characteristics of cataract patients in the eye clinic of Wangaya Hospital. The study was conducted at the eye clinic of Wangaya Hospital using secondary data obtained from the eye clinic register in January 2019 to December 2019. This research was a quantitative descriptive study with cross-sectional research design, sampling was done by a total sampling. Univariate analysis was performed for the collected data. We have collected 178 samples with prevalence of cataract in men was 52%, and that for woman was 48%. Most cataract was found at age of >65 years old (41%), and with senile type cataract accounting for 84%. Immature cataract was the commonest type (76%), with the same percentage between men and women which was 38%. More immature cataract occurred at age >65 years by 44% while more mature cataract were found at age 56-65 years (42%). Most common characteristics of cataract patients in Wangaya Hospital during 2019 were men, immature and senile cataract, and with age at >65 years old. The percentage of men and women in immature type cataract were similar.


Keywords: Bali province, cataract, immature cataract, senile cataract.

References

World Health Organization. (15 December 2019) Prevention of Blindness and Visual Impairment [online]. Available: www.who.int / blindness / causes / priority / en / index1.html.

Badan Penelitian dan Pengembangan Kesehatan Kementerian Kesehatan RI. Riset Kesehatan Dasar 2013. pp231-242. 2013

American Academy of Ophtalmology. Lens and Cataract. American Academy of Ophtalmology: San Fransisco. 2016

S. Avachat. Phalke. V, Kambale. S. Epidemiological correlates of cataract cases in tertiary health care center in rural area of maharashtra. Journal of family medicine and primary care, 3(1), 45–47. 2014

J. S. Duker, M. D. Myron Yanoff. Ophthalmology. St. Louis, Mo: Mosby/Elsevier. 2009

J. Ram, G. Rohit. Petaloid Cataract. New England Journal of Medicine. 374 (18): e22. 2016

M. Weatherall, J. Clay, K. James, K. Perrin, P. Shirtcliffe, R. Beasley. Dose-response relationship of inhaled corticosteroids and cataracts: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Respirology (Carlton, Vic.).14 (7): 983–90. 2009

M. Zetterberg, M, D. Celojevic, D. Gender and cataract–the role of estrogen. Current eye research, 40(2), 176-190. 2015

X. H. Zhang, et. al. Sex hormones and their receptors in patients with age-related cataract. Journal of Cataract & Refractive Surgery, 29(1), 71-77. 2003

A. N. Aini, Y. D. P. Santik. Kejadian katarak senilis di RSUD Tugurejo. HIGEIA (Journal of Public Health Research and Development), 2(2), 295-306. 2018

S. Sonowal, K. Kuli, G. Gogoi. A Study of Prevalence and Risk Factors of Senile Cataract in Tea Garden Community in Dibrugarh District, Assam, India. International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), 5(3), 2319-7064. 2013

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Khrisnawati, A. A. A., Adiputra, K., Kartiningsih, I., Dwipayani, N., & Prahesthy, H. (2020). Characteristics of Cataract Patients in Wangaya Hospital Bali Year 2019: A Descriptive Study. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 2(2). https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2020.2.2.176