Air Quality Toxicity Index (AQTI): Quantifying Air Pollution Impact on Disease Onset

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.main##

  •   Harold I Zeliger

Abstract

Air pollution impacts 90% of the world's population and is the number one cause of premature deaths worldwide, etiamted at 8-10 million pre year. Breathing polluted air is associated with the accelerated onset of numerous illnesses, including respiratory diseases, cardiovascular diseases, several cancers and Alzheimer's disease. Fice major pollutants are typically monitored in cities around the world for air quality. These include ozone, particulate matter, dulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide and carbon monoxide. The Air Quality Toxicity Index (AQTI), that is first reported here, provides a quantitative indicator with which to monitor air quality, make air quality comparisons of different locations and compare air quality of the same locations as a function of time.


Keywords: Air pollution toxicity, disease onset, air pollution and disease

References

S. Chen, B. Mulgrew, and P. M. Grant, “A clustering technique for digital communications channel equalization using radial basis function networks,” IEEE Trans. on Neural Networks, vol. 4, pp. 570-578, July 1993.

Bell, ML, Davis DL, Fletcher T. 2004. A retrospective assessment of mortality from the London smog episode of 1952: The role of influenza and pollution. Environ Health Perspect; 112(1):6-8.

Combes A, Franchineau G. 2019. Fine particle environmental pollution and cardiovascular diseases. Metabolism, 2019. doi: 10.16/j.metabol.2019.07.008

EPA. 2019. Air quality index (AQI). https://airnow.gov/index.cfm?action=aquibasics.aqi. Accessed January 2, 2020.

Kelly FJ. 2003. Oxidative stress: Its role in air pollution and adverse health effects. Occup Environ Med 60:612-616.

Kilian J, Kitazawa M. 2018. The emerging risk of exposure to air pollution on cognitive decline and Alzheimer's disease - Evidence from epidemiological and animal studies. Biomed J 41(3):141-162.

Lubin JH, Tomasek L, Edling C, Hornung RW, Howe G, Kunz E, et al. 1997. Estimating lung cancer mortality from residential radon using date for low exposure miners. Radiat Res; (147(2):126-34.

Nance R, Delaney J, McEviy JW, Blaha MJ, Burke GL, Navas-Acien A, et al. 2017. Smoking intensity (pack/day) is a better measure than pack-years or smoking status for modeling cardiovascular disease outcomes. J Clin Epidemiol. 2017. doi: 1016/j.jclinepi.2016.09.010

Riggs DW, Zafar N, Krishnasamy S, Yeager R, Rai, SN, Bhatnagar A, O'Toole TE. 2020. Exposure to airborne fine particulate matter is associated with impaired endothelial function and biomarkers of oxidative stress and inflammation. Environ Res. 2020. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2019.108890. Accessed December 30, 2019.

World Air Quality Index Project. 2019. https://aqicn.com

World Health Organization. 2018. Air pollution. WHO global ambient air quality database (update 2018). https://www.who.int/airpollution/data/cities/en. Accessed December 30, 2019.

Xia SY, Huang DS, Jia H, Zhao Y, Lin N, Mao MQ, et al. 2019. Relationship between atmospheric pollutants and risk of death caused by cardiovascular and respiratory diseases and malignant tumors in Shenyang, China from 2013to 2016: an ecological research. Chin Med J (Engl); 132(19):2269-2277.

Zeliger HI. 2011. Human toxicology of chemical mixtures. Elsevier, London.

Zeliger HI. 2016. Predicting disease onset in clinically healthy people. Interdiscip Toxicol 9(2):15-21.

Zhou H, Wang T, Zhou F, Liu Y, Zhao W, Wang X, et al. 2019. Ambient air pollution and daily hospital admissions for respiratory disease in children in Guiyang, China. Front Pediatr, 2019. doi: 10.3389/fped.2019.00400

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

##plugins.themes.bootstrap3.article.details##

How to Cite
Zeliger, H. (2020). Air Quality Toxicity Index (AQTI): Quantifying Air Pollution Impact on Disease Onset. European Journal of Medical and Health Sciences, 2(1). https://doi.org/10.24018/ejmed.2020.2.1.143